What Real Choice Looks Like for Veterans Health

The Disabled American Veterans (DAV) has just put out another great video on solutions that could strengthen VHA health care.  Please click, like, and share this wonderful video that helps us understand the pitfalls of Choice as it is currently constructed by conservatives who only want to dismantle the VHA.  Please click here to see the video.  And watch all the othersindex if you can.  It’s very important to add to the clicks on this and also the likes on this amazing series.

 

New York Times and Fake News about the VA

1024px-va_hospital_waco_2013Phillip Longman, author of Best Care Anywhere, has just done this excellent post in The Washington Monthly about the New York Times coverage of the VHA.  People should contact the New York Times’s public editor to register their concerns about the continual bias in the Times coverage of the VHA.  See also my stories in The American Prospect on this issue.

Please read Longman’s story.  It is very important.

More Fake News about VA Hospitals

This time, the hapless New York Times is the culprit.

Donald Trump met with the heads of several monopolistic private health care corporations in Palm Beach on Wednesday. Bloomberg reports that “A person close to Marvel Entertainment CEO Ike Perlmutter said he also participated.” Trump was soliciting their advice on whether he should force the Veterans Health Administration (VA) to outsource more of the care of our nation’s veterans to monopolistic health care corporations. The comic book executive at least had no apparent conflicts of interests.

America’s major veterans groups, including the American Legion, Vietnam Veterans of America, and Paralyzed Veterans of America, which all strenuously oppose any moves to privatize the VA, were not invited. Stay tuned for the rest of the story.  READ MORE

Don’t Just Sit There Listening –Solicit Input

image-asking-questionsindexSoliciting Not Just Listening

Want to be a better physician or nurse leader? Enhance patient safety? Effectively lead teams? One of the current consultant prescriptions is the recommendation that leaders spend more time listening than talking. Whether in the larger management literature or in the articles and books that specifically target health care, listening is portrayed as a key to leadership. Employees want their voices to be heard,” one management guru opined in a Forbes article entitled “6 ways Effective Listening Can Make You a Better Leader,” and to “know that they (their leaders) have their interests at heart because they really listen.”

To emphasize this point psychiatrist Mark Goulston titled his bestselling book Just Listen: Discover the Secret to Getting Through to Absolutely Anyone. Listening 1.1 has, in fact, advanced to listening 2.1 wherein one is exhorted not to “just listen” – i.e. passively and unresponsively — but to engage in “active listening.”

I am all for listening. Of course people have to listen to each other rather than silence, ignore, dismiss, or denigrate one another. When it comes to the implementation of genuine teamwork and patient safety within the hierarchical environment of health care, I don’t think listening is enough. As Amy Edmondson has written in her book Teaming, “Research shows that hierarchy, by its very nature, dramatically reduces speaking up by those lower in the pecking order. We are hard-wired, then socialized, to be acutely sensitive to power, and to work to avoid being seen as deficient in any way by those in power.”

Whether it’s nurses dealing with doctors, junior doctors dealing with senior ones, or patients dealing with the “team” that is supposed to be centered around their needs, subtle or overt manifestations of power hierarchy all too often defeat admonitions that people should speak up.   To remedy this requires more than active listening, it requires actively soliciting input from those on the team, particularly those lower on the totem poll – which includes not only staff but patients.

Frontline staff are often reluctant to speak up, tell higher ups when something is wrong, warn them about a potential catastrophe or even just an everyday glitch. They are equally hesitant to cross-monitor members of the team and help maintain situational awareness by providing new – and not always welcome –information. As for offering their ideas for innovation and quality improvements, they may feel no one is interested or will listen. To counter these entrenched beliefs and perceptions – which are often based on past experience – requires a leadership commitment to aggressively solicit input rather than waiting for staff – whether professional or non-professional – to tell leaders something they need to know.

Soliciting input – and then actively welcoming it – can do a lot to help people see that it is safe to admit error, provide a needed warning or heads up, convey new information and update their colleagues and co-workers about the latest developments or changes in a situation.  Asking people –and this must include patients –what they think, what they’re worried about, if they agree with, or understand a plan of care and then respectfully responding to the need for clarification or further information gives people permission to speak up. This is critical when working with professionals or other healthcare workers and even more so when dealing with anxious, frightened, and vulnerable patients. In an environment in which people may be reluctant to speak up because they have not traditionally felt that it was psychologically safe to do so, soliciting input as a kind of “standing order” builds the foundation upon which effective listening is built.

Consider for example, how aviation moved from a being a very risky to a highly reliable industry. One of the many things captains and pilots, and other team leaders are taught to do in recurrent team trainings is actively solicit input from their crews. In one Northwest training video, a captain enters the cockpit and tells his crew , that although he is the senior officer, he wants them to let him know if they see him making a mistake. When captains do their briefings with first officers and cabin crew, they always ask those lower in rank if they have any concerns. If such concerns are expressed, then they apply so called active listening skills in responding to them. They also alert their teams to any personal or physical problems that might impact their performance and ask one another—even those lower in rank — to cross monitor them as they do their job.

In health care, which has staunchly resisted systematic teaming training, anecdotal evidence and research data document that leaders who do this are the exception not the rule. Which is why the skill of soliciting has to be both preached and practiced.

Consider a few examples.

A physician wants to discharge a patient to his home with a complex regimen of IV medication that the patient’s wife will have to administer at home. The patient’s nurse, and social worker, not the physician, have a great deal of information about the wife’s ability to deal with her husband’s medication regimen. The physician does not, however, solicit input from either nurse or social worker about the wisdom of his plan. Instead he simply orders nurse and social worker to prepare for the discharge. As a result, the patient’s wife becomes extremely upset, which generates a day long conflict in which the physician becomes increasingly frustrated as the nurses and social worker hint at, rather than clearly discuss, the problem and remedy – a delay of one or two days in the discharge.

Imagine what would have happened if the physician had gone to the social worker, and the nurse – as well as the patient’s wife – and solicited their input by asking if they thought his plan was reasonable? The result would have been the same – a delayed discharge – but the destructive conflict would have been avoided and all would have felt they were members of an effective team.

Or consider the dilemma relayed to me by several attending physicians on a neo-natal ICU at a major teaching hospital.   The NICU attendings said they constantly tell their residents to call them with any problems they have on the weekend or at night. Because many residents are afraid they’ll get a bad mark if they express confusion or ask for help, they don’t get a lot of calls even though many residents have lots of questions. What’s the solution? Soliciting input.   As my colleague neo-natalogist John Chou recommends, attendings can pick up the phone, call the unit, page the resident and then say, “hey, I know we have this very sick patient. We haven’t talked in a while, and I just wanted to know if you had any questions or concerns I can help with?”

When soliciting input is accompanied by a genuine offer of help – rather than appears in the guise of quizzing or passing judgment – Chou says, he always learns about critical details that can impact the course of a tiny pateint’s life.

Finally, I can say as a patient, that when a physician asks me what I think about the treatment he or she is about to recommend (something I have occasionally experienced), wonders if I will have any problems with it, or follows up with a call asking me how things are going, my trust in that caregiver and willingness to follow the recommended treatment increases exponentially.

It’s pretty simple, when you ask you might hear something that is actually worth listening to.

Fact Checking the Fact Checkers at the Washington Post

imagesJust did this new blog post for the American Prospect.  Please read and share.

Fact-Checking Fact-Checkers on Privatizing Vets’ Health Care

In the debate over the future of the Veterans Health Administration (VHA), no concept has attracted more controversy than “privatization.” Since wholesale privatization of the VHA is deeply unpopular among veterans and their advocacy organizations, groups like the Koch brothers-funded Concerned Veterans for America (CVA) argue that they do not support “privatization” of the VHA. As the CVA’s “Fixing Veterans Health Care” report, published earlier this year explains, the group just wants to give veterans “the same degree of choice that is available to other Americans,” with the federal government paying the tab.

Last week, The Washington Post entered the fray. Writing for the paper’s “Fact Checker” column, reporter Michelle Ye Hee Lee gave Senator Jon Tester of Montana and Representative Mark Takano of California, both Democrats, three out of a possible four Pinocchios (signifying “significant factual error and/or obvious contradictions”) for suggesting that the CVA and Trump transition team members support VHA privatization. According to Lee, the CVA’s position does not constitute privatization because, the “CVA has not proposed a wholesale transfer of VHA’s services over to the private sector—which is what ‘privatization’ usually describes.”

READ MORE

Trump Assault on Healthcare. The Facts Need to Go Viral

maxresdefaultGiven the coming assault on health care in general — Obamacare, Medicare, Medicaid — and the Veterans Health Administration in particular, please view the following videos done by the Disabled American Veterans.  Please click, and then share.  We need to make stuff like this go viral.  It’s brilliant!!  They include the misguided proposals and then suggest workable proposals that would strengthen, improve, and reform the VHA not dismantle it.

Setting the Record Straight on VA Health Care Reform: Privatizing the VA
Setting the Record Straight on VA Health Care Reform, Centers of Excellence

Setting the Record Straight on VA Health Care Reform, Treating only Service Related Injuries

Setting the Record Straight on VA Health Care Reform, Let the Money Follow the Veteran

Setting the Record Straight on VA Health Care Reform: Turning VA into an Insurance Provider